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[新版]2015职称英语教材新增文章综合类补全短文第十二篇Men Smell of Cheese and Women of Onions

来源:博大考神职称考试网 发布时间:2015-02-10

  2015年职称英语考试教材与2014年相比进行了一些调整,其中综合类补全短文解新增了《Men Smell of Cheese and Women of Onions》,现在博大考神职称英语家庭式培训班专家和大家起来分享这篇文章。

Little girls may be made of sugarand all things nice, but their armpits smell of onions. ______ (1) That’s theconclusion of research in Switzerland that involved taking armpit sweat samplesfrom 24 men and 25 women after he had spent time in a sauna or ridden anexercise bike for 15 minute.
   ______ (2) “Men smell of cheese, and women of grapefruit oronion,” says Christian Starkenmann of Firmenich, a company in Geneva thatresearches flavours and perfumes for food and cosmetics companies.
   The team found that the women's armpit sweat constrained relativelyhigh levels of an odourless sulphur—containning compound — 5 milligrams permilliliter of sweat versus 0.5 milligrams in men.
   When the researchers mixed this compound in the lab withbacteria commonly found in the armpit, the bugs turned it into a thiol - apreviously discovered odour from armpits that is akin to onion.
   “The more sulphur precursor we added, the more intense wasthe malodour,” says Starkenmann, whose team’s results appear in ChemicalSenses. ______ (3)
    The men, meanwhile, had relatively high levels of anodourless fatty acid which turned into a cheesy odour when exposed to the sametypes of bacteria. The balance of oniony to cheesy precursors in women’s sweatmade it smell worse than men’s as rated by independent smell assessors.
   ______ (4) “We could make inhibitors that neutralise theprecursors, or block the bacterial enzymes that do the conversion,” saysStarkenmann.
   Some researchers are sceptical that gender is the maindeciding factor, arguing that the patterns found in Swiss volunteers might notapply to other populations with different diets and genetic background. ______(5)

A. Bacterial enzymes turn the otherwise odourless precursor into the  malodour.
 B. And while free of slug or snail odours, men’s armpits pack a powerful  cheesy whiff.
 C. Most cases of skin odor is associated with break down of the compounds  found in sweat by bacteria that live on the skin.
 D. Next, the team hope to develop new ingredients for deodorants that fight  the smells.
 E. The researchers found marked differences in the sweat from men and women.
 F. “Other factors include what you eat. what you wash with, what you weat and  what genes you inherit,” says Tim Jacob of Cardiff University in the UK.

1.________

【正确答案】B

【解题技巧&步骤】

第一步:看横线前后是否出现与选项相同或相似的单词或结构以及相关的指代内容。横线前的句子是:Little girls may be made of sugar and all things nice, but their armpitssmell of onions.句首主语是“littlegirls”;横线后的句子是:That’s the conclusion ofresearch...,句首是“That’sthe conclusion(这是结论)”。由此根据文章标题:Men Smell of Cheese and Women of Onions,可以知道文章应该是有两个主要的描述对象MenWomen。横线前的句子是在讲little girls,横线后就说是结论,那么推测填入横线的句子应该就是在讲与men 有关的内容了。

第二步:看六个选项,B. And while free of slug or snail odours, men’s armpits pack a powerfulcheesy whiff.这句话的句首是Andwhileand表示和前面是并列的关系,句中也出现了men’s armpits,与前面句子中的theirarmpits对应。这一句正是在讲男人腋下的气味的问题,填入后使上下文逻辑完整。所以正确答案为B选项。

2.________

【正确答案】E

【解题技巧&步骤】

第一步:看横线前后是否出现与选项相同或相似的单词或结构以及相关的指代内容。这一个横线是位于该段落的句首的,那么先看横线后面的句子:“Men smell of cheese, and women of grapefruit or onion,”这句话主要介绍了实验的结果。回归上一段的最后一句:That’s the conclusion of researchin Switzerland that involved taking armpit sweat samples from 24 men and 25women after he had spent time in a sauna or ridden an exercise bike for 15minute.主要是介绍了研究的基本情况。前面介绍研究的基本情况,后面讲实验的结果,而且这个横线是位于句首的,那么推测这里应该填入一个具有承上启下的作用的句子,并且应该作为本段的中心句。

第二步: 看剩下的五个选项,E. The researchers found marked differences in the sweat from men andwomen.(研究者发现男人和女人腋下的气味有很大的不同),这一句正好描述了研究者们研究的结果。所以正确答案为E选项。

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