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2017年四川中级职称英语备考阅读理解每日一练

来源: 发布时间:2016-08-25

  2017年四川中级职称英语备考阅读理解每日一练

  The Magic of Sound

  Music is one of the most beautiful forms of artistic expressions ever invented. In movies and plays, music has an added function: it not only moves people but also can shock people. Is it true that an ordinary musical instrument can be so powerful?

  Our eardrums can withstand sound within 20 to 80 decibels. Once sound exceeds this limit, even beautiful music will become ear-splitting noise and harm health. A strong blast of high sound can twist and break a solid iron sheet. High sound of 150 decibels can kill a healthy rat.

  The noise from a plane's engine is over 140 decibels. However, the sound of a flute is at most a few decibels. Therefore, the sound of ordinary musical instruments cannot harm your health. It has been proven that people who have worked in an environment with a high sound intensity for a long time suffer varying degrees of heart disease or altered brain waves.

  In movies, sometimes the hero can produce a sound that ordinary people can't hear and only those who have the same ability can feel. In nature, there is actually sound that is beyond our hearing. In physics, the sound that exceeds 20,000 Hz is called ultrasonic. Dolphins, whales and bats can make such high-frequency sound. It does no harm to health.

  Sound less than 20 Hz is called infrasonic waves. When we move, the air will vibrate. The vibration of air can produce infrasonic waves. As the frequency of infrasonic waves is close to that of people's internal organs, infrasonic wave may cause resonance in human bodies. As a result, people's vision may weaken and internal organs may rupture. However, whether an infrasonic wave can be used as a weapon depends on its intensity. If its intensity is very low, it won’t damage internal organs or a person's health. If the intensity of infrasonic wave exceeds 160 decibels, it is extremely harmful. When wind blows at a force of 3 or 4 over the sea, it will produce infrasonic waves of several decibels. Only typhoons can produce infrasonic waves of over 100 decibels. At present, scientists can only produce infrasonic weapons in the lab with the help of advanced scientific tools and powerful electric power

  41.What could be the best title of this passage?

  A.The power of music.

  B.The harms of noises.

  C.The magic of sound.

  D.The discovery of infrasonic waves.

  42.What does the author say about music?

  A.It may be harmful to people’s health.

  B.It always cheers people up.

  C.It is often very difficult to understand.

  D.It sounds better when it is loud enough.

  43.It is true that the sound ________.

  A.of nature is the most beautiful.

  B.of high intensity benefits animals.

  C.in movies is pleasing to the ear.

  D.over 80 decibels is harmful to people.

  44.An ultrasonic sound ________.

  A.is very loud.

  B.does harm to people’s health.

  C.is produced by the hero in movies.

  D.cannot be heard by people.

  45.It can be found from the last paragraph that infrasonic waves ________.

  A.are harmless to people’s health.

  B.exist in people’s internal organs.

  C.can be used as deadly weapons.

  D.can improve eyesight.

  41.C 文章开篇以音乐为例,简单介绍了其附加功能,接着详细介绍了不同分贝的声音会产生怎样不同的效果,因而重点在于声音及其效果。故此题选C。

  42.A 第一段明确提到了“it not only moves people but also can shock people”,故此题选A。

  43.D 第二段明确提到了“Once sound exceeds this limit, even beautiful music will become earsplitting noise and harm health.”,故此题选D。

  44.D 第三段明确指出了“there is actually sound that is beyond our hearing”,故此题选D。

  45.C 文章最后一段“infrasonic wave exceeds 160 decibels, it is extremely harmful”和“scien-tists can only produce infrasonic weapons in the lab”两处都提到此意思,故此题选C

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